Posted by: shrikantmantri | March 12, 2010

NAR: Trinucleotide repeats in human genome and exome.

Trinucleotide repeats in human genome and exome.

Publication Date: 2010 Mar 9 PMID: 20215431
Authors: Kozlowski, P. – de Mezer, M. – Krzyzosiak, W. J.
Journal: Nucleic Acids Res

Trinucleotide repeats (TNRs) are of interest in genetics because they are used as markers for tracing genotype-phenotype relations and because they are directly involved in numerous human genetic diseases. In this study, we searched the human genome reference sequence and annotated exons (exome) for the presence of uninterrupted triplet repeat tracts composed of six or more repeated units. A list of 32 448 TNRs and 878 TNR-containing genes was generated and is provided herein. We found that some triplet repeats, specifically CNG, are overrepresented, while CTT, ATC, AAC and AAT are underrepresented in exons. This observation suggests that the occurrence of TNRs in exons is not random, but undergoes positive or negative selective pressure. Additionally, TNR types strongly determine their localization in mRNA sections (ORF, UTRs). Most genes containing exon-overrepresented TNRs are associated with gene ontology-defined functions. Surprisingly, many groups of genes that contain TNR types coding for different homo-amino acid tracts associate with the same transcription-related GO categories. We propose that TNRs have potential to be functional genetic elements and that their variation may be involved in the regulation of many common phenotypes; as such, TNR polymorphisms should be considered a priority in association studies.

Posted via email from Sharing significant bytes —(Shrikant Mantri)

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