Posted by: shrikantmantri | February 2, 2010

Science: Food Security: The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People

Published Online January 28, 2010
Science DOI: 10.1126/science.1185383

Review

Food Security: The Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People

H. Charles J. Godfray,1,* John R. Beddington,2 Ian R. Crute,3 Lawrence Haddad,4 David Lawrence,5 James F. Muir,6 Jules Pretty,7 Sherman Robinson,8 Sandy M. Thomas,9 Camilla Toulmin10

Continuing population and consumption growth will mean that the global demand for food will increase for at least another 40 years. Growing competition for land, water, and energy, and the overexploitation of fisheries, will affect our ability to produce food, as will the urgent requirement to reduce the impact of the food system on the environment. The effects of climate change are a further threat. But the world can produce more food, and can ensure that it is used more efficiently and equitably. A multifaceted and linked global strategy is needed to ensure sustainable and equitable food security, different components of which are explored here.

1 Department of Zoology and Institute of Biodiversity at the James Martin 21st Century School, University of Oxford, South Parks Rd., Oxford, OX1 3PS, UK.
2 U.K. Government Office for Science, 1 Victoria Street, London SW1H OET, UK.
3 Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board, Stoneleigh Park, Kenilworth, Warwickshire, CV8 2TL, UK.
4 Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9RE, UK.
5 Syngenta AG, P.O. Box, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland.
6 Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling, Stirlingshire, FK9 4LA, UK.
7 Department of Biological Sciences, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, Essex, CO4 3SQ, UK.
8 Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, BN1 9RE, UK.
9 Foresight, U.K. Government Office for Science, 1 Victoria Street, London SW1H OET, UK.
10 International Institute for Environment and Development, 3 Endsleigh Street, London, WC1H 0DD, UK.

* To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: charles.godfray@zoo.ox.ac.uk

Posted via email from Sharing significant bytes —(Shrikant Mantri)

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